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金融英语之银行英语阅读:Derivatives衍生

时间:2016-06-14 08:10来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
金融英语 A derivative is a security which derives its value fromanother underlying financial instrument, index, or otherinvestment. Derivatives are available based on theperformance of stocks, interest rates, currencyexchange rates, a

    金融英语


    A derivative is a security which “derives” its value fromanother underlying financial instrument, index, or otherinvestment. Derivatives are available based on theperformance of stocks, interest rates, currencyexchange rates, as well as commodities contracts andvarious indexes. Derivatives give the buyer greaterleverage for a lower cost than purchasing the actualunderlying instrument to achieve the same position.For this reason, when used properly, they can serve to “hedge” a portfolio ofsecurities against losses. However, because derivatives have a date of expiration, thelevel of risk is greatly increased in relation to their term. One of the simplest formsof a derivative is a stock option. A stock option gives the holder the right to buy orsell the underlying stock at a fixed price for a specified period of time.

    衍生工具是一种金融工具,它是从其他原生金融工具如指数衍生出来的。衍生工具的取得树立在证券、利率、汇率、商品合同以及各种指数。衍生工具给购置者一个杠杆功效促进以更低的本钱购置实践需求的根底工具。那么假如正确运用衍生工具的话,就可以在投资组合中套期保值。可是衍生工具有一个截至日期,所以风险水平很大水平上取决于它的期限。最复杂的衍生工具方式是股票期权。股票期权使得持有者有权在特定时期里以一个固定价钱买卖底层股票。

    financial derivatives

    【财经】金融衍生性产品, 衍生性金融产品, 衍生性金融工具 (指以根底金融工具 (UnderlyingInstrument) 为前提, 并以根底金融工具为买卖对象, 价钱也由根底金融工具的价钱变化所决议的金融工具)
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