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英语四级真题之大学英语考试阅读真题解析

时间:2016-06-10 23:37来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
备考英语四级考试的考生,除了需求预备英语四级考试考点和应试技巧外,还要在历年考过的英语四级真题上下些功夫。为什么这样讲呢?理解英语四级真题对考生而言有哪些协助呢?其实给考生带来的益处显而易见,是无法经过其他方式获取的。希望大家可以注重这个

    备考英语四级考试的考生,除了需求预备英语四级考试考点和应试技巧外,还要在历年考过的英语四级真题上下些功夫。为什么这样讲呢?理解英语四级真题对考生而言有哪些协助呢?其实给考生带来的益处显而易见,是无法经过其他方式获取的。希望大家可以注重这个成绩。

    Passage One
    Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
    In bringing up children, every parent watches eagerly the child’s acquisition(学会)of each new skill-the first spoken words, the first independent steps, or the beginning of reading and writing. It is often tempting to hurry the child beyond his natural learning rate, but this can set up dangerous feelings of failure and states of worry in the child: This might happen at any stage. A baby might be forced to use a toilet too early, a young child might be encouraged to learn to read before he knows the meaning of the words he reads. On the other hand, though, if a child is left alone too much, or without any learning opportunities, he loses his natural enthusiasm for life and his desire to find out new things for himself.
    Patents vary greatly in their degree of strictness towards their children. Some may be especially strict in money matters. Others are sever over times of coming home at night or punctuality for meals. In general, the controls imposed represent the needs of the parents and the values of the community as much as the child’s own happiness.
    As regards the development of moral standards in the growing child, consistency is very important in parental teaching. To forbid a thing one day and excuse it the next is no foundation for morality(品德)。 Also, parents should realize that “example is better than precept”。 If they are not sincere and do not practise what they preach(说教), their children may grow confused, and emotionally insecure when they grow old enough to think for themselves, and realize they have been to some extent fooled.
    A sudden awareness of a marked difference between their parents’ principles and their morals can be a dangerous disappointment.
    11. Eagerly watching the child’s acquisition of new skills _________.
    A) should be avoided
    B) is universal among parents
    C) sets up dangerous states of worry in the child
    D) will make him lose interest in learning new things
    12. In the process of children’s learning new skills parents ______.
    A) should encourage them to read before they know the meaning of the words they read
    B) should not expect too much of them
    C) should achieve a balance between pushing them too hard and leaving them on their own
    D) should create as many learning opportunities as possible
    13. The second paragraph mainly tells us that __________.
    A) parents should be strict with their children
    B) parental controls reflect only the needs of the parents and the values of the community
    C) parental restrictions vary, and are not always enforced for the benefit of the children alone
    D) parents vary in their strictness towards their children according to the situation
    14. The word “precept” (Line 3, Para.3) probably means “_________”。
    A) idea
    B) punishment
    C) behavior
    D) instruction
    15. In moral matters, parents should __________.
    A) observe the rules themselves
    B) be aware of the marked difference between adults and children
    C) forbid things which have no foundation in morality
    D) consistently ensure the security of their children
    Passage Two
    Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
    A good modern newspaper is an extraordinary piece of reading. It is remarkable first for what it contains: the range of news from local crime to international politics, from sport to business to fashion to science, and the range of comment and special features(特写)as well, from editorial page to feature articles and interviews to criticism of books, art, theatre and music. A newspaper is even more remarkable for the way one reads it: never completely, never straight through, but always by jumping from here to there, in and not glancing at one piece, reading another article all the way through, reading just a few paragraphs of the next. A good modern newspaper offers variety to attract many different readers, but far more than nay one reader is interested in. What brings this variety together in one place is its topicality(时势性), its immediate relation to what is happening in your world and your locality now. but immediacy and the speed of production that goes with it mean also that much of what papers in a newspaper has no more than transient(长久的)value. For all these reasons, no two people really read the same paper: what each person does is to put together out of the pages of that day’s paper, his own selection and sequence, his own newspaper. For all these reasons, reading newspapers efficiently, which means getting what you want from them without missing things you need but without wasting time, demands skill and self-awareness as you modify and apply the techniques of reading.
    16. A modern newspaper is remarkable for all the following except its _________.
    A) wide coverage
    B) uniform style
    C) speed in reporting news
    D) popularity
    17. According to the passage, the reason why no two people really read the “same” newspaper is that ________.
    A) people scan for the news they are interested in
    B) different people prefer different newspapers
    C) people are rarely interested in the same kind of news
    D) people have different views about what a good newspaper is
    18. It can be conclude from the passage that newspaper readers ________.
    A) apply reading techniques skillfully
    B) jump from one newspaper to another
    C) appreciate the variety of a newspaper
    D) usually read a newspaper selectively
    19. A good newspaper offers “a variety” to readers because _________.
    A) it tries to serve different readers
    B) it has to cover things that happen in a certain locality
    C) readers are difficult to please
    D) readers like to read different newspapers
    20. The best title for this passage would be “__________”。
    A) The Importance of Newspaper Topicality
    B) The Characteristics of a Good Newspaper
    C) The Variety of a Good Newspaper
    D) Some Suggestions on How to Read a Newspaper
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